Signs & Symptoms of Kidney Failure

When the kidneys fail to perform its function, fluid and electrolyte balance will be disturbed, thus creating a serious health problem. Kidney failure is categorized into acute renal failure and chronic renal failure.

Acute renal failure is characterized by a sudden loss of kidney function, a person is diagnosed with chronic kidney failure occurs when the loss of kidney function over time. If diagnosed in the early stages, the symptoms of acute renal failure can be alleviated. However, the symptoms of chronic renal failure rarely appeared in the early stages, and considerable kidney damage may have already occurred by the time symptoms appear.
Signs and Symptoms of Acute Renal Failure

Acute renal failure is more likely to affect older people, or those who have a history of diabetes, high blood pressure, heart problems, weight problems, kidney or liver disease. Common symptoms may include

- Sudden urine coming out less than customarily
- Excessive urination at night
- Pain on one side of the back, above the waist and below the right rib cage
- Abnormal swelling in the legs
- Loss of appetite
- Vomiting with diarrhea
- Dehydration
- Restless
- Metallic taste in mouth
- Fatigue
- Nosebleed
- Hiccup
- Mood changes
- Easy bruising
- Bad breath
- Bloody stools
Signs and Symptoms of Chronic Renal Failure

Most people who are in the process of development of chronic renal failure do not realize it because the symptoms are mild and the amount of time it takes many years to develop. Symptoms that may indicate chronic kidney failure include:

- Changes in the frequency of urination with a marked change in color of urine
- Decreased urine with the need for frequent urination at night
- Water retention in the body (face, hands, feet, legs, ankles)
- In many cases the person may feel like urinating, but no urine comes out.
- Feelings of fatigue, even when relaxing
- Skin eruption combined with severe itching
- Loss of appetite
- Bad breath
- Nausea and vomiting severe
- Shortness of breath
- Feeling cold even in warm environments
- Dizziness
- Concentration bad
- Pain
- Weakness
- Headache
- Muscle cramps often
Excessive thirsty
- High blood pressure
- Color pale skin and nails

Medically known as edema, fluid accumulation in the body which can lead to loss of kidney function, may cause swelling.

Face, hands, feet, and ankles may swell due to fluid retention. Because the kidneys can not filter and remove toxic waste, blood toxicity will continue to rise, thus creating eruptions and skin rashes all over the body. This combined with a strong urge to feel itchy.

There is a foul taste in the mouth, which causes loss of appetite which in turn can lead to rapid weight loss.

It may even feel out of breath because the blood is full of toxins. Lung function may also be affected due to water retention. Lack of oxygen to the body can even cause dizziness.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Kidney Failure

If a person shows any of these symptoms, medical attention should be sought immediately. Your doctor will perform certain diagnostic tests to determine whether the kidneys are functioning properly or not. Blood tests can be helpful in determining the level of creatinine and urea in the blood. Urinalysis will also provide valuable information. For example, abnormally high levels of albumin in the urine is an indicator of kidney damage. Picture tests such as ultrasound, CT scan or MRI can also help in detecting any abnormal growths or blockages. If growth is detected, a biopsy can be performed to determine whether the growth is benign or malignant.

After the doctor can identify the underlying cause, they may recommend the use of certain drugs. They may follow the approach of symptomatic treatment and prescribe medication to reduce specific symptoms. Certain dietary changes may also be recommended, such as following a diet low in protein, potassium and phosphorus. If high blood pressure is one of the cause, may need to follow a low-salt diet.

The symptoms of acute renal failure can be managed and renal function can be restored with timely medical care, but if there is no medical aid, acute renal failure symptoms can worsen and acute renal failure may progress to chronic renal failure. Dialysis and kidney transplant are the only treatment option in cases of end-stage renal disease in which a person's kidneys work less than 15 percent of their capacity.


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